CPR Pro skills review questions

CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer and Health Care Provider Skill Questions

After reading the whole text and watching the video, these questions would be a good review, especially of the differences between various ages of victims. The answers are below, but if you try to answer them first without looking you will learn more!

Primary Assessment:

Child:

1. How far do you tilt the child’s head to open the airway?

Infant:

1. How do you check an infant for consciousness?

2. How far do you tilt an infant’s head to open the airway?

3. How do you check an infant’s pulse?

Using a Bag-Valve-Mask Resuscitator (Two Rescuers)

Adult:

1. When using a BVM, how often should you give rescue breaths?

Child:

1. When using a BVM, how often should you give rescue breaths?

Infant:

1. When using a BVM, how often should you give rescue breaths?

Conscious Choking – Adult and Child

Adult:

1. To give back blows or abdominal thrusts, where would you position yourself?

2. What if the victim is obviously pregnant, known to be pregnant or too large to reach around?

Child:

1. For a child, from whom would you obtain consent to give care?

2. To give back blows or abdominal thrusts, where would you position yourself?

3. When giving back blows or abdominal thrusts, what is one key item about the amount of force to use to keep in mind?

Unconscious Choking

Adult:

1. If the first 2 rescue breaths do not make the chest clearly rise, what is your next step?

2. If you see the object, how do you remove it from the victim’s mouth?

CPR – Adult, Child and Infant

Adult:

1. How far do you compress the chest of an adult?

2. What is the correct way to place your hands to give compressions for an adult?

Child:

1. How far do you tilt the child’s head to open the airway?

2. How far do you compress the chest of a child?

3. What is the correct way to place your hands to give compressions for a child?

Infant

1. How far do you compress the chest of an infant?

2. What is the correct way to place your hands to give compressions for an infant?

Rate of CPR compressions

1. What is the rate of compressions for an adult, child and infant?


Two-Rescuer CPR – Adult, Child and Infant

Adult:

1. How far do you compress the chest of an adult?

2. What if the adult is obviously pregnant or known to be pregnant?

3. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths for an adult in two rescuer CPR?

4. The two rescuers should change positions regularly. When?

Child:

1. How far do you tilt the child’s head to open the airway?

2. How far do you compress the chest of a child?

3. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths for a child in two rescuer CPR?

4. The two rescuers should change positions regularly. When?

Infant:

1. What is the correct hand position for two rescuer CPR compressions on an infant?

2. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths for a infant in two rescuer CPR?

AED – Adult, Child and Infant

Adult:

1. Where do you attach the AED pads for an adult?

Child:

1. Where do you attach the AED pads for a child or infant?

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I put this National Park Service photo of of sun streaming through clouds to El Capitan in Yosemite Valley here to help you keep from skipping ahead to the answers until you have tried to answer all the questions.

NPS photoTaft Point view of sun streaming thru clouds to El Capitan:

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Primary Assessment:

Child:

1. How far do you tilt the child’s head to open the airway?

Slightly past the neutral position, but not as far as you would for an adult

Infant:

1. How do you check an infant for consciousness?

Gently tap the shoulder or flick the bottom of the foot.

2. How far do you tilt an infant’s head to open the airway?

To the neutral position

3. How do you check an infant’s pulse?

On the brachial artery. Place one hand on the infant’s forehead and two fingers of the other hand
on the inside of the upper arm, between the infant’s elbow and shoulder, press lightly.

Using a Bag-Valve-Mask Resuscitator (Two Rescuers)

Adult:

1. When using a BVM, how often should you give rescue breaths?

A rescuer should give 1 ventilation about every 5 seconds.

Child:

1. When using a BVM, how often should you give rescue breaths?

A rescuer should give 1 breath about every 3 seconds.

Infant:

1. How far do you tilt an infant’s head to open the airway?

To the neutral position

2. When using a BVM, how often should you give rescue breaths?

A rescuer should give 1 ventilation about every 3 seconds.

Conscious Choking – Adult and Child

Adult:

1. To give back blows or abdominal thrusts, where would you position yourself?

Stand behind the victim. Depending on the size of the rescuer and victim, it may be necessary to
place one foot in between the victim’s legs to brace yourself for support in the event the victim
loses consciousness.

2. What if the victim is obviously pregnant, known to be pregnant or too large to reach around?

Chest thrusts instead of abdominal thrusts may be required.

Child:

1. For a child, from whom would you obtain consent to give care?

A parent or guardian

2. To give back blows or abdominal thrusts, where would you position yourself?

Stand or kneel behind the child, depending on his or her size.

3. When giving back blows or abdominal thrusts, what is one key item about the amount of force to use to keep in mind?

Use less force when giving back blows and abdominal thrusts to a child. Using too much force
may cause internal injuries.

Unconscious Choking

1. If the first 2 rescue breaths do not make the chest clearly rise, what is your next step?

Retilt the head and give another ventilation.

2. If you see the object, how do you remove it from the victim’s mouth?

Remove the object with your index finger by sliding it along the inside of the cheek, using a
hooking motion to sweep the object out. For an infant, use your little finger.

CPR – Adult, Child and Infant

Adult:

1. How far do you compress the chest of an adult?

At least 2 inches

2. What is the correct way to place your hands to give compressions for an adult?

Place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest (on the lower half of the sternum). Place the other hand on top.

Child:

1. How far do you tilt the child’s head to open the airway?

Slightly past the neutral position

2. How far do you compress the chest of a child?

About 2 inches

3. What is the correct way to place your hands to give compressions for a child?

Place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest (on the lower half of the sternum). Place the other hand on top.

Infant

1. How far do you compress the chest of an infant?

About 1 1/2 inches

2. What is the correct way to place your hands to give compressions for an infant?

Put 2 or 3 fingers on the center of the chest just below the nipple line (on the lower half of the sternum). Keep one hand on the infant’s forehead.

Rate of CPR compressions

1. What is the rate of compressions for an adult, child and infant?

The rate of compressions for any age of victim is at least 100 per minute. 30 compressions should take about 18 seconds. 15 compressions should take about 9 seconds.


Two-Rescuer CPR – Adult, Child and Infant

Adult:

1. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths for an adult in two rescuer CPR?

30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths

2. The two rescuers should change positions regularly. When?

Do about 2 minutes of compressions and breaths, then change positions. This would be about 5 cycles for an adult.

Child:

1. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths for a child in two rescuer CPR?

15 compressions and 2 rescue breaths

2. The two rescuers should change positions regularly. When?

Do about 2 minutes of compressions and breaths, then change positions. This would be about 9 cycles for a child.

Infant:

1. What is the correct hand position for two rescuer CPR compressions on an infant?

Place your thumbs next to each other on the center of the chest just below the nipple line. Place both hands underneath the infant’s back and support the back with your fingers. Ensure that your hands don’t squeeze the sides of the ribs.

2. What is the ratio of compressions to breaths for a infant in two rescuer CPR?

15 compressions and 2 rescue breaths

AED – Adult, Child or Infant

Adult:

1. Where do you attach the AED pads for an adult?

Place one pad on the victim’s upper-right chest and the other pad on the lower-left side.

Child:

1. Where do you attach the AED pads for a child or infant?

Place one pediatric pad on the child’s upper-right chest and the other pad on the lower-left side. If the pads risk touching, place them in the anterior/posterior
position. Place one pad on the child’s chest and the other pad on the back, between the shoulder
blades.

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see also:

AED quick facts

Common mistakes in Professional Rescuer CPR skills

How to pass a Red Cross written test

Why did they change CPR?

First Aid for Public Safety Personnel study guide

Simple secondary survey study sheet

Bloodborne Pathogens quick facts

injuries quick facts

Oxygen administration quick facts