first aid class heart attack and cardiac arrest questions

As a preview and/or review about the basics about heart attack and cardiac arrest,

AFTER you read the materials, try to see if you can answer these questions:

 

“What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?”
 

“What are some reasons people might delay seeking medical attention when they are experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack?”

 

“What is the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest?”

 

Although a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest, the two conditions are different. “In addition
to cardiovascular disease, what are some other causes of cardiac arrest?”

 
“What are the five links in the Adult Cardiac Chain of Survival?”
 

Why is it important to call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number as soon as signs
and symptoms of heart attack are recognized?”

 

Give yourself a moment to think about each question, then scroll down past these photos to find the correct answers.

pink topped mountains reflected in very blue lake

 

sun streaks through clouds
 

mountains and clouds at sunset
 

Here are the questions with the answers:

 

“What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?”

Chest pain, discomfort, pressure, heaviness or squeezing that lasts longer than 3 to 5 minutes and is not relieved by resting, changing position or taking medication, or that goes away and then comes back

Isolated, unexplained discomfort or pain that spreads to one or both arms, the back, the shoulder, the neck, the jaw or the upper part of the stomach

Dizziness or light-headedness

Trouble breathing, including noisy breathing, shortness of breath and breathing that is faster than normal

Nausea or vomiting

Pale or ashen (gray) skin

Sweating

A feeling of anxiety or impending doom

Extreme fatigue

Unresponsiveness

■ People may experience the signs and symptoms of a heart attack differently.

■ Not everyone will have every sign or symptom.

■ People who have had a heart attack before may not experience the same signs and symptoms if they have a second heart attack.

■ Men often have “classic” signs and symptoms of a heart attack, such as chest pain that radiates down one arm.

■ Women often experience milder chest pain or more general signs and symptoms, such as shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, extreme fatigue, and dizziness or light-headedness.

“What are some reasons people might delay seeking medical attention when they are experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack?”

Lack of knowledge about, or failure to recognize, the signs and symptoms of a heart attack

Denial or fear related to potentially having a life-threatening condition

Concerns about feeling foolish or embarrassed for seeking advanced medical care for a “false alarm”

Inadequate access to healthcare or a lack of healthcare insurance

“What is the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest?”

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to part of the heart muscle is blocked,
causing permanent damage to the heart muscle.

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops beating or beats too ineffectively
to circulate blood to the brain and other vital organs.

Although a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest, the two conditions are different. “In addition
to cardiovascular disease, what are some other causes of cardiac arrest?”

Breathing emergencies, such as drowning and choking.

Trauma (severe)

Electric shock

Drug overdose

 

“What are the five links in the Adult Cardiac Chain of Survival?”

Recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the EMS system

Early high quality CPR

Early defibrillation

Early advanced life support

Integrated post-cardiac arrest care

(and Recovery with continued followup)

 

Why is it important to call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number as soon as signs
and symptoms of heart attack are recognized?”

Seeking advanced medical care as soon as the signs and symptoms of a heart attack are
recognized can minimize damage to the heart and may save the person’s life.

Remember that even though you need the consent of a sane, sober adult to give them care YOU DO NOT NEED consent to call 911, and should do so if the person is experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack.

Do not drive the person yourself, or let them drive to the doctor/ emergency room. The EMTs or Paramedics who arrive when you call 911 can start essential care before they get person to the emergency room, sometimes saving their life on the drive there.