Health 57A

Hlth 57A (Health 57A)
First Aid for the Community, Home, Wilderness and Disasters
is a one-unit class that is offered at De Anza almost every quarter.

Red Cross standard first aid patch: a patch that says Red Cross Standard First AidUpon successful completion of the course, each participant can receive an American Red Cross certification in First Aid (valid two years).

We meet for only four sessions, not all quarter.

Spring quarter 2017

(44797) HLTH-057A-55L meets ONLY FOUR Friday afternoons from 1:30 – 4:20 p.m. Fridays, April 14, 21, 28, and May 5 in S56.

We finish before finals week and do not meet during finals week.

To find the classroom, S56, go to:

Look for the S5 building and then find S56.

Enrollment and registration steps are at:

moving rainbow line:
“The class is full and I want to add!” I receive many emails from students wanting to add the class, or who are already on the waitlist.

I can’t add anyone until after the class has met for the first time, and I often do take extra students, so attend the first class and you might be added.


We are no longer using this text:
first aid text 2011: cover of first aid textbook.

The new text is still called the American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED participant’s manual.

first aid text cover Red Cross 2016

The De Anza Bookstore will probably charge around $10 for it. OR you can download it to your laptop for free (or make a printed copy) at:

You need the new 2016 copyright text. The 2014 text is is of date. It is possible to Google the text title and get the old, out of date text with the newer cover. Use the link at this webpage. If you borrow a text from a friend or buy one at an off-campus bookstore, be sure you are getting the 2016 copyright text.

No other text(s) or skills cards will work. If the bookstore is out of the text, do not special order it as it can take well over a week to get, go to the Red Cross office at 2731 North First Street, San Jose, or another bookstore that has it in stock.

You must have in class each day (except the first day, but it is recommended for that day) either the hardcopy textbook or a fully functional copy on a laptop.

Reading assignments:

The CPR/AED material in this text is different than the procedures taught in advanced CPR classes such as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Automated External Defibrillation for Professional Rescuers and Health Care Providers, that most of you will need, and I recommend you do not read those sections of the text.

Read pages 1-42, (part of the end of chapter three has different methods than are taught in CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer and I will describe the differences in class), and read 61-156.

If you can before the first class, you will get more out of the first lecture if you go to (this is a free download of the American Red Cross CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer book) and read pages 2-5.

moving rainbow line:
After doing the reading, as an optional review, see if you can answer all of these:

– – – (You do not need to write this up or turn it in as homework or extra credit.)

List three ways to minimize the risk of disease transmission (pages 11-14 has the answer)

Why were Good Samaritan laws developed? (page 8 has the answer)

Difference between consent and implied consent-give two examples of each (page 10)

Three emergency action steps (page 16)

Six questions you try to answer when you ‘check’ (page 16-18)

Call first/care first (page 18)

Why/when can confusion be a signal of a medical emergency in an elderly person? (page 25)

Fainting occurs when there is a sudden ________ (page 86)

F.A.S.T. stands for (page 88)

Three situations when you can move an injured person (page 141-143)

Define shock (page 94)

Seven signals of shock (page 94)

Steps to care for shock (page 94)

Signals of internal bleeding (page 95)

Define bruise (page 95)

Define abrasion (page 96)

Laceration (page 96)

Avulsion (page 96)

You need a booster shot for tetanus at least every ___years (page 98)

Rule of thumb for when a cut will need stitches (page 98)

Care for bleeding (page 99- 102)

Care for thermal burns (page 105)

Care for chemical burns (page 105)

Fracture (page 106)

Sprain (page 106)

Dislocation (page 106)

Splint only if______ (108)

R. I. C. E. stands for: (page 108)

Anatomic splint (page 108)

Care for a person with a possible head, neck or back injury (111)

Heat cramps (page 120)

Heat exhaustion (page 120-121)

Heat stroke (page 121)

Care for frostbite (page 123-124)

Care for hypothermia (page 123)

Care for person who may have been poisoned (page 127)

How to remove a tick (page 133)


The De Anza library has a lab where you can access computers: and a few laptops for loan to students:


You will get a lot more out of the homework if you read the chapter before trying to answer the questions or do the projects.

All homework must be done individually by each student, not as a group project.

I do not accept early, late or emailed homework.

If you use a printer, or write with a pen, use black or dark blue ink.

The easiest way to do the brief-write-up type of assignment is to run your mouse across some of the text, copy it (click Ctrl C or Apple C on many computers) and paste it (click Ctrl V or Apple V) to a blank document on your computer. You can handwrite any assignment but it must be easily readable, so block printing is preferred and must be in letters at least as big as the type on this page. If your instructor(s) can’t read it you will not get credit for it.

For most chapters you will need to complete the chapter questions, most written by the Red Cross. (Please note that some of these only require a one word answer, and none need long answers.) Answers to questions must be in your own words, but since you will be quoting from the book for some of these questions, put quotation marks around the parts you quote. To get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer. (Some questions have more than one page where the answer can be found, you need only list the page you found the answer on.)

Example: If one of the questions after reading chapter 1 were “What are the Emergency Action Steps?” your answer could be:

page 16 “1) Check the scene and the person.

2) Call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number.

3) Care for the person.”


pages 16 to 20 “Check the scene, check the person, Call, Care.”


moving rainbow line:


Homework due at the beginning of the second class session:

– – – Read the HLTH 57A course syllabus. It has the grading standards, requirements for certification, class rules and more. You are responsible for the material in this document. (This is also known as the ‘greensheet’ in many De Anza classes.)

– – -Read the Simple secondary survey study sheet and briefly write up the five most important things you learned from the reading. If you already knew it all, briefly write up the most important things.

Students in HLTH57A should be familiar with the material in the study sheet. Notice that I said familiar with, you do not have to memorize everything. It includes a list of times to suspect a spinal injury; reasons why a person might become unconscious or semi-conscious; typical causes of altered mental status, fainting and seizures; signs and symptoms of a concussion and more.

– – – If you did not already do so, go to (this is a free download of the American Red Cross CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer book) and read pages 2-5.


Chapter 1 and part of chapter 2 (Read pages 1-42)

The Checking a Responsive Person skill on pages 24-28 will be required for you to certify. Please do re-read page 27 of your text


re-read the Simple secondary survey section, S.A.M.P.L.E. and O,P,Q,R,S,T of Simple secondary survey study sheet, as they are also answers to questions on your final exam.

(Knowing this skill, and the S.A.M.P.L.E. questions to ask, are also required for am E.M.T. / Paramedic and in a Red Cross lifeguard certification class.)

Page 10 at the end of the last paragraph: “(The emergency medical assistance for a minor (under age 18) must be for a “life-threatening” problem, not just a small scrape.) Just because someone is a friend or relative, consent is not implied for them.

On page 12 write: “Hepatitis B virus can live on a surface, exposed to the air and dried, for two weeks.”

At the top of page 15 write: “Never pour undiluted bleach straight from the bottle onto spills of blood, urine, sputum or vomit. Dangerous levels of toxic chlorine nitrous oxide gases could result.”

On page 13 at the bottom of the page, write: “Kevlar gloves are puncture resistant. Nitrile gloves are resistant to most moderate chemicals. If you must use latex, touch victim as little as possible until you know if they are allergic to latex.”

On page 32 at the Skill sheet 2-2 write: “Unconsciousness and being asleep are not the same. Also, you can be awake and only partially conscious.”

On page 84, just above the photo of glucose tablets, it says; “You should also call 9-1-1 . . . if you are not able to immediately obtain an acceptable from of sugar.” add these words: “Do not spend time looking for sugar; call 911.”

On page 88, below the box T, write “If the possible stroke is unwitnessed, after you call 911, try to find out the time the victim was last known to be well and free of signs and symptoms of a stroke.”

On page 102, at the end of the using hemostatic dressings paragraph, write: “To stay effective, hemostatic dressings require continuous direct pressure at the source of the bleeding until controlled.”

On page 106, just above the section on electrical burns, right after the first aid for chemicals in the eye, write: “for tiny foreign bodies in the eye, such as sand, lint or pollen, have the person to blink several times to try to remove the object, if that does not work, gently flush the affected eye with water and if the object still remains, get medical attention.”

On page 107, after the first bullet, write: “If part of the bone is protruding through the skin, do not attempt to align/straighten the bone or place the bones back into the body.”

On page 112, at the end of the nose injuries section, write; “Do not pack the person’s nose with cotton, tissues, (or anything) to stop the bleeding.”

At dental injuries, after “place the tooth in the injured person’s saliva” make a note “(in saliva, but not in their mouth).

On page 115, at the end of the first paragraph, write: “Bending the person’s knees slightly allows abdominal muscles to relax. You can put pillows or rolled-up blankets under the person’s knees to make it easier for them to hold the position.”

(You do not need to copy the textbook pages and turn them in to prove you wrote in this material.)

Complete these chapter 1 questions: (Don’t forget: to get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)

1. What are some common factors/reasons that keep people from responding to an emergency medical situation? Your text lists six, answer this question with all six of them.

2. Your text has a section Reach or Throw, Don’t Go on page 17. Read it and compare it to How to rescue a drowning victim using a reaching assist or a shepherd’s crook and list the five most important things at the webpage not talked about in your text.

3) Name the three signs or symptoms of a heart attack you think are most important.

4) Nausea or vomiting can be a sign or symptom of heart attack—true or false?

5) A person having a heart attack always experiences chest pain—true or false?

6) Many people who are experiencing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack wait too long to get advanced medical care. What are some reasons people might delay seeking medical attention when they are experiencing signs and symptoms of a heart attack?

7) You think that a person is having a heart attack. Your text lists eight things to do. What should you do first?

8) Why is it important to call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number as soon as signs and symptoms of heart attack are recognized?

9) Your text lists three times you should move a victim. Which do you think you would be most likely to experience?


Do not read pages 43-60.


Chapter 4, read pages 61- 73.

On page 65 at the bottom of the page, write: “If the conscious choking victim is much taller than you and you can’t get into a proper position to give back blows and/or abdominal thrusts, you can ask them to kneel.”

You will be completing this skill on a class member.

Write in your text at the top of page 68:

“When practicing on a student in class you should only simulate back blows and abdominal thrusts (do not apply pressure) so you do not hurt anyone.”


Chapter 5, read pages 76 – 92.

Complete these chapter 5 questions: (Don’t forget: to get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)

1) A breathing emergency occurs when a person is having trouble breathing or cannot breathe at all. Your text lists ten common causes of breathing emergencies (also known as respiratory distress). List the three you think you would be most likely to see.

2) Define anaphylaxis and tell what should you do when a person is showing signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis.

3) Name five things that can trigger an asthma attack. Notice that this question does not ask for signs and symptoms, or first aid, but causes.

4) Which one of the following could be a sign or symptom of a diabetic emergency:

confusion or disorientation;

swelling of the face, neck, tongue or lips;

chest pain?

5) Name a condition under which you should call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number for a diabetic emergency.

6) A person is having a diabetic emergency. The person is responsive and able to swallow. How many grams of sugar should you give the person?

7) Name two acceptable forms of sugar to give to a person in a diabetic emergency.

8) Most seizures last only a few minutes and the person usually recovers without any problems. What should you do for a person who is having a seizure?

9) When the seizure is over, what should you do?

10) Fainting is a temporary loss of consciousness caused by a sudden decrease in blood flow to the brain. Your text lists four common causes. Which two do have you most often seen or which two do you think you would most likely see?

11) What sudden illness is caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain? (Note that fainting is not an illness.)

12) Which of the following could be a sign or symptom of stroke:

nausea or vomiting;

drooping on one side of the face;

profuse sweating?

13) What does the four part acronym FAST stand for? Give the word to go with each letter. Then also give something to ask the victim to do for the F, A, and S parts, and something you need to do for the T part.

(This is also an answer to a question on the final exam.)

14) If you suspect that someone might be having a stroke, how might you observe weakness or numbness in one arm?


moving rainbow line:


Homework due at the beginning of the third class session:

Chapter 6, read pages 94 – 117.

Complete these chapter 6 questions: (To get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)

1) A person is having trouble breathing and is showing signs and symptoms of shock. What condition do they have?
Big hint, the word has ten letters and starts with “ana . . .”

2) What are some factors that could make a burn critical? (List all five in your textbook.)

3) List three common causes of nosebleeds.

4) How should you care for a nosebleed?

5) Give the four words to go with the letters in the mnemonic RICE.


6) Your text lists six mechanisms of injury that could cause you to suspect a head, neck or spinal injury. Compare them to the list at: Simple secondary survey study sheet and write up the five times to suspect a spinal injury listed at the webpage, but not listed in your text, that you think you are the most likely to ever see.


7) On page 110 your text has a chart that shows that Signs and Symptoms of Concussion can be grouped into four categories:

(Quoting from the instructors manual):

“Thinking and remembering: The person may seem confused, dazed or “out of it,” or have trouble remembering recent events.

Physical: The person may feel nauseated or vomit, complain of a headache, or be sensitive to bright lights or noise.

Emotional: The person may seem irritable, sad or agitated.

Behavioral: The person may sleep more or less than usual. Children may also show changes in eating or playing habits.”

Compare this to the list at: Simple secondary survey study sheet and write up the five signs and symptoms of a concussion listed at the webpage, but not listed in your text, that you think you are the most likely to ever see.



Tell if each statement is fact (true) or fiction (false). (To get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)

1) Put ointment or butter on a burn to soothe the pain.

2) A sunburn is a type of thermal burn.

3) Apply ice to a burn to cool it.

4) It is important to monitor for shock when a person has been burned.

5) When a person has experienced an electrical burn, you need to be prepared to give CPR and use an AED

6) When a person has been burned by a chemical in powdered form, you should remove the chemical by flushing the area with cool running water

7) When a person has experienced an electrical burn, you should not go near the person until the electricity has been turned off at the source.

8) To cool a thermal burn, use cool or cold potable water.

9) If you encounter a person with a electrical burn, your first step should be to tap the person on the shoulder and shout, “Are you okay?”

10) You should not remove any pieces of clothing that stick to the burned area.


Chapter 7, read pages 118-140 and appendixes on pages 141-156

Complete these chapter 7 questions: (To get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)


Tell if each statement is fact (true) or fiction (false)

1) In order from least to most severe, the heat-related illnesses are heat exhaustion, heat cramps and heat stroke.

2) The best prevention strategy for heat-related illnesses is to stay properly hydrated

3) Heat-related illnesses only affect people who are outdoors.

4) Heat stroke is life threatening

5) If recognized early, heat cramps and heat exhaustion can usually be corrected with first aid measures and will not become life threatening

6) If a person is experiencing signs and symptoms of a heat-related illness, is responsive and is able to swallow, you should offer the person small amounts of a cool drink containing carbohydrates and electrolytes (such as a commercial sports drink, coconut water or milk), or water if one of these options is not available

optional reading:



Tell if each statement is fact (true) or fiction (false). (To get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)

1) Frostbite can be treated by rubbing snow over the affected area.

2) Gently massage the frostbitten area to restore circulation and warm it up.

3) Immerse the frostbitten area in hot water, apply a heating pad or hold it close to a fire to rewarm the tissues


Instead of Fact or Fiction, the Red Cross set these questions up as an ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCY JEOPARDY.

Give the question to go with the answer. (To get credit for the answers you must say what page in the text you found the answer.)

1) A substance that causes injury, illness or death if it enters the body. . . . What is a ______ ?

2) Drinking this is the best way to prevent heat-related illnesses What is ______ ?

3) A good drink to offer a person who has hypothermia. What is ___ or ___ ?

4) A good drink to offer when a person has heat exhaustion. What is ___ or ___ or_____?

5) A condition characterized by cramps in the legs and abdomen. What is ______ ?

6) The first aid treatment for this condition could include immersion in warm water. What is ______ ?

7) This heat-related illness is life threatening. What is ______ ?

8) Call this number for a suspected poisoning if the person does not have signs or symptoms of a life-threatening condition. What is ______ ? ( Big hint, the number you are looking for is not 911.)

9) Wet or windy conditions increase a person’s risk for this. What is ______ ?

10) Immerse the person up to his or her neck in cold water or place ice-water-soaked towels over the person’s entire body to give first aid for this condition. What is ______ ?


– – – The appendixes have fire safety info on pages 151, 152 and 154. Read the info and compare it to Fire safety then write up five safety items listed at the webpage, but not listed in your text that you think you most need to pay attention to.


moving rainbow line:


Homework due at the beginning of the fourth (last) class session:

Again, the easiest way to do this type of assignment is to run your mouse across some of the text, copy it (click Ctrl C or Apple C on many computers) and paste it (click Ctrl V or Apple V) to a blank document on your computer. You can handwrite any assignment but it must be easily readable, so block printing is preferred and must be in letters at least as big as the type on this page.

If you use a printer, or write with a pen, use black or dark blue ink.

1) Read Cultural issues in first aid and write up the five most important things you learned. Again, brief answers are all that is needed. (Something new, not from your text, for example, not how to obtain consent.)

toppled brick chimney USGS photo: 2) Read earthquake home hazards survey and write up the five most important things you need to do.

tsunami hazard zone sign 150 pixels: sign warning of a tsunami hazard zone with a drawing of a huge wave and a person climbing up a slope 3) Read Disaster planning and write up the five most important things you need to do.

4) The Wilderness Medical Society defines wilderness as any situation when you are “more than one hour away from definitive medical care.” This could be your own home after an earthquake or other disaster as well as camping. Read wilderness first aid outline and write up the five most important things you learned beyond what is in the Red Cross material in your textbook.

optional extra credit:

One of these will be accepted as extra credit only if you completed all the other assignments due the fourth class session:

Even if you don’t have an infant or toddler, one might visit. Crawl around your home and look for unsuspected hazards at infant/child level. Write up what you find. AND write up the five most important things you learned in appendix C.


Read Leave no trace and write up five things you personally can do, and encourage friends to do, that can prevent injuries and other need(s) for first aid.


Read vehicle repair safety and write up five things you personally can do, and encourage friends to do, that can prevent injuries and other need(s) for first aid.


There is no longer a multiple choice exam for certification, but we will have a written final during the fourth (last) class session. Almost all the questions will be given to you in advance.

You will not need a scantron.

We will start class by finishing any skills work and lecture not yet completed, then take a break, then take the final exam.


moving rainbow line:


The next on-campus blood drive will be listed at: .

Blood donation FAQs has reasons some people faint after giving blood and ways to prevent it, a link to the questions asked before you donate, info and links for athletes and scuba divers, precautions to take after donating blood, info on how donating blood can make you healthier, info on what the donations are needed for.


On a weekend, February 2-4, 2018 , TWENTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL De Anza College Outdoor Club Yosemite Valley Winter Camping trip.

Usually one of our biggest trips. Rain? Snow? Sleet? Sunshine? Raccoons (quite possibly IN the tents), Coyotes! Campfires! Night hikes, early morning hikes, long hikes to viewpoints above the valley, snowboarding, skiing, Ranger walks, Ranger snowshoe walks, ice skating, snow sculpture building. Many years we have people who have never been camping before and/or have never been in the snow. (So they’ve never been in a snowball fight, either.) Snow Camp

Snow camp group photo 2005 120 pxls: yosemitewinter2007106 pix: groupphotowinter2004106 pxl:


ocean kayak april 07 launching:

The Outdoor Club (usually spring break and October) Monterey ocean kayak day trip


2005 pool and kayaks from above:

Every quarter the De Anza College Outdoor Club has a kayaking lesson in the De Anza pool on a weekend. Details and a few pictures from previous lessons are posted at:

kayaking / canoeing lessons




The Red Cross offers free refreshers for first aid students that would be a good way to review what you learned. Copy and paste this URL into your browser:

(Please note that the other CPR refreshers at that page are for Lay Responders and the skills are not the same as for Professional Rescuers that most of you will learn for your degrees.)



When you call 911 from a land line telephone, such as in your house, you get dispatch for the city the phone (your house) is located in. When you call 911 from a cell phone you most often get the Highway Patrol at a central location. Sometimes, especially if you are not calling about something on the freeway/highway, it would be faster to get dispatch for the specific city the problem is happening in. This requires knowing the direct dial seven digit phone number for each dispatch.

Direct dial emergency phone numbers for most cities in Santa Clara County, California, can be found at the Santa Clara County ARES/RACES (Amateur Radio Emergency Services/Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Services) website.

San Mateo County cities (and the San Francisco airport) direct dial phone numbers can be found at:

When you are planning a camping trip, try to get the direct dial number for the park/Sheriff or agency in charge before you go.

At a hotel, be sure to find out if you need to dial 911 or 9-911 or 8-911 or . . .

In a lot of Canada you can dial 911 in an emergency just like in the U.S. But in other countries it’s often a different number. See this list from the U.S. Department of State and double check when you get there:

And note that in many other countries, when you call their emergency services (911 or 999 or 112 or a local number or ___ ) it does not necessarily mean an ambulance will be dispatched. The emergency services operator decides what’s appropriate, talking you through your own first aid, or sending you to your doctor or sending an EMT with or without an ambulance.

You can check your cell phone user manual to find out if you phone is pre-programmed to call 911. The Red Cross recommends “Callers should lock their keypad when they are not using their mobile phone. This action prevents accidental calls to 9-1-1.”


Optional reading:

Generally, the vaccinations you got as a child will protect you the rest of your life, with a few exceptions. An adult recommended vaccinations schedule is at

To find out about the Bay Area Critical Incident Stress Management Team go to: has some mentions of advance directives, advance care directives has info and a link to where you can get a free one.

Page 83 has EpiPen info. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made updates to the patient instructions for epinephrine auto-injectors:

Especially note the Injection-Related Complications, for example, “do not inject intravenously, into a buttock, digits, hands or feet.. . Hold leg firmly during injection. Lacerations, bent needles, and embedded needles have been reported when EpiPen and EpiPen Jr have been injected into the thigh of young children who are uncooperative and kick or move during an injection.”

Page 122 includes Dressing for Cold Weather. Wilderness adventure books warn that ‘cotton kills’: read more about proper clothing for outdoor adventures to prevent hypothermia at: Snow or rain camp must-haves.

Page 134 has info about lowering the Risk for Tick-Borne Illnesses, insect repellant has answers to questions about the percentage of DEET needed in an effective insect repellant, toxicity allergies, and more.

Pages 140 has Avoiding Lightning-Strike Injuries, Thunderstorm and lightning safety includes the answer to the question: Why can’t you swim during a lightning storm? A strike on a lake doesn’t kill all the fish in the lake.

Pages 152 has Safety at Home. Please also see: hazardous household chemical mixtures

Page 155 has Water Safety info. If you go on an Outdoor Club adventure kayaking you must wear a properly fitted, fully buckled lifejacket. Read more at: Why you should wear a lifejacket And if it interests you, also see: rogue or sneaker waves, Kayaking / Canoeing Lessons, Yosemite Valley Rafting Advice, Monterey ocean kayak day trip, Grand Tetons kayaking, canoe over canoe rescue Swimming in Yosemite National Park

Page 156 has bike safety, see also: Grand Tetons biking

Is your facility user friendly for all your customers/patients? Take a look at an Americans with Disabilities Act, ADA Guide for Small Businesses: has what percentage of speech reading (reading lips) by deaf people is understood (about one third of spoken words are understood) and practical suggestions for effective communication


If you go to the Krazy Glue webpage at: and click on I’ve heard it was invented to seal battlefield wounds, you will find the statement “Instant Krazy Glue ® products should not be used for wound care.”


From class discussion on burns, one of the first things we did after taking Community Emergency Response Team training was to switch from the cheap $5-ish model of smoke alarm we had in the hall to the better $25-ish model and put them in more rooms. The better models, with I (ionization) and P (photoelectric) on the box, will detect smoke faster than the cheap models.

Community Emergency Response Team training (CERT)

Pandemic flu

fast, basic neurological exam

HIPAA : the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996/2003.

Anaphylaxis quick facts includes prevention and an answer to the question: Can a person who is prescribed an epi-pen risk going into the wilderness?

Bloodborne Pathogens quick facts

injuries quick facts

A link you can send to friends and family about Do it yourself earthquake preparedness:

Wilderness/camping resources:

Some of the true stories I use in class are at: fatal, near fatal or close call incidents/accidents in camping, backpacking, climbing and mountaineering

Using a campsite food storage locker

How bears break into cars, what to do if you see a bear and more is at: Bears

At altitude has info about sunburn, hiking, diet at higher altitudes. It includes why your tent mate might seem to stop breathing and links to High Altitude Cerebral Edema and High Altitude Pulmonary Edema tutorials.

Hiking Advice has hot weather hiking advice, hiking logistics and the answer to the question: When is the best time of day to cross a mountain stream?

Snow camp weather, hike safety and first aid considerations has trail safety notes, and info about mountain lions


Once I get the certification cards from the Red Cross I will not be responsible for holding on to yours or for getting it to you if you did not get me a self-addressed, stamped envelope before the end of class.

If you forgot to get me an envelope before the end of class you can leave it at the faculty mailboxes, but since you did not get it to me during class, I will not be responsible for getting you your card. How to get a message to a De Anza instructor has a description of how to find the faculty mailboxes and a picture of the faculty mailbox drop box in the administration building.

The cards will be mailed within three weeks after the end of the quarter, longer if the Red Cross is swamped with work.

LOST YOUR RED CROSS CARD(S)? Go to If you lost your Red Cross certification card

CEUBanner.gif: banner that says authorized provider I A C E T

If you are in a profession that requires them (nursing, for example) Continuing Education Units (CEUs) are available after you complete this course. continuing education credits (units)


De Anza college student success center banner 80 pixels:

programs for student success in all kinds of classes, including tutorials, readiness, academic skills, instructional computing and more:

More students qualify for financial aid than use it or even know they qualify. There are enrollment fee waivers you can apply for online which take about a week to get an answer. For all the details go to:

De Anza College offers many scholarships, some of which have few applicants!

Check out the loot:

You don’t have to pay for all your classes/fees at once. De Anza has an installment payment plan that allows you to defer most of your payments. Go to:

The De Anza College Food Pantry provides food to students in need. You can get a bag of groceries with no forms to fill out.

Various local businesses give discounts to De Anza Associated Student Body card holders. A page of discounts (mostly 10% off food) is at

De Anza College offers offers help to quit smoking

– – – – – –

The De Anza Library has free access for current students to the New York Times. Go to the library home page: and click on, The New York Times. At the next screen, log in with your Portal IDs. On the next screen, create an account.

– – – – – –

The Biological and Health Sciences Division student handbook has lots of useful information.

It’s at:


moving rainbow line:


– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –