Health 57A is the class webpage with homework assignments.
DE ANZA COLLEGE
Biological and Health Sciences Division
Winter quarter 2022
Health 57A 1 UNIT
First Aid for the Community, Home, Wilderness and Disasters
(37490) HLTH 57A 55L meets on campus ONLY FOUR Friday afternoons
1/7/22, 1/14/22, 1/21/22 and 2/11/22,
from 1:30 – 4:20 p.m.
We finish before finals week and do not meet during finals week.
Goal: Successful completion of this class can mean (optional) certification in American Red Cross First Aid.
The Student Learning Outcome for HLTH57A is
“• Student Learning Outcome: Demonstrate life saving skills in care of injuries and sudden illness as specified by the American Red Cross.”
This class can be considered a class to prepare for future EMT training or lifeguard training, since much of the material stressed in this class is also required for EMTs and lifeguards. Taking this class before you take a CPR class will make the CPR class easier.
Instructor: Mary Donahue
I’m a Red Cross certified lifeguard, swim teacher, lifeguard instructor, lifeguard instructor trainer, CPR, First Aid and Automated External Defibrillation instructor (and other Red Cross instructor certifications). I have taught at De Anza, first in Physical Education and then in Biological and Health Sciences as well, since April, 1988.
I first became a volunteer in Yosemite National Park in 2006 and have been a volunteer on and off for 15+ years, including five years with Preventative Search and Rescue when it was was funded in the park.
I have been a lifeguard, lifeguard captain, or in charge of the swim at 53 triathlons or open water swims.
I’m also senior faculty advisor to the De Anza Outdoor Club. There is info at Outdoor Club Coming Attractions.
E-mail email@example.com I don’t return e-mails that should be answered in class for everyone to get an answer, but you can give me notice that you need an answer by e-mailing before you ask in class.
Office Hours, some of which are fifteen minutes or a half hour at a time, some one full hour, are most Saturdays 11:50 at the pool deck and by arrangement, sometimes right after the HLTH 57A class.
Final: exam when we complete the lectures, at the fourth class meeting. Most questions on the final will be given to students before the final.
No finals week ‘final,’ since our class is finished before finals week.
Required texts and supplies: American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED participant’s manual, one of the lowest cost textbooks at De Anza. The De Anza Bookstore will probably charge around $12 (used), $15+ (new) for it.
The De Anza Bookstore will probably charge around $12 (used), $15+ (new) for it.
OR you can download it to your laptop for free (or make a printed copy) by going to
free download in Spanish (Manual del participante: Primeros Auxilios/RCP/DEA American Red Cross)
The Red Cross had a note: “The 2016 Manuals are best viewed in Firefox or Chrome browsers.”
(The Red Cross requires that each student have this book and have it available in class, either hardcopy or on a laptop.)
Notebook and pen or pencil
Reading assignments: The CPR/AED material in this text is different than the procedures taught in advanced CPR classes such as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Automated External Defibrillation for Professional Rescuers and Health Care Providers, that most of you will need, and I recommend you do not read those sections of the text.
Read pages 1-42, (part of the end of chapter two has different methods than are taught in CPR/AED for the Professional Rescuer and I will describe the differences in class), and read 61-156.
Also read this ‘greensheet’ (course syllabus).
You will be kneeling or even lying on the floor on some days, so dress appropriately. Wear comfortable clothes, pants or shorts preferred over skirts. Note that lowwaisted pants can pull down to an extent that many people would consider inappropriate in public and would be considered disruptive to the class, interfering with academic activity. You will be doing bandaging, and maybe a forearm splint and sling on another member of the class. You will also check a member of the class for consciousness and breathing, and roll them over and from their side to their back. Bring something to kneel on if you want it.
For Red Cross certification
100% attendance is required by the Red Cross for certification.
100% attention to learning is a requirement of attendance.
Simply being present does not constitute attendance.
You are subject to being dropped from the class if you do not complete all of the homework on time, are late to class, leave early, do not pay full attention or otherwise show that you are not seriously enrolled in the class. This can include sleeping (or appearing to sleep, as in eyes closed).
If you do not get a partner when asked to do so, and it is noticed that you are not participating in skills work, you will not certify.
(A certification you might already have does not prove you know any of the material taught in this class, and it does not allow you to not participate in any part of this class. This includes doctors, nurses, lifeguards and EMTs/Paramedics.)
This class meets OSHA standards. Upon successful completion of the course, you can receive an American Red Cross First Aid certification, which is valid for two years. The two years begin the last day of class.
A $27 fee (paid by cash, credit or debit only, no checks allowed) is required for the Red Cross to process your paperwork if you choose to get a certificate. There are no free certifications, and this fee would apply no matter what form your certification came in, an actual “card” as we do at De Anza or just a digital record. The deadline to decide you want the cert will be the last day of class. (You won’t be able to decide after the class is over that you wanted the cert.)
The deadline to pay will be three working days after the class is over. Where and how to pay will be announced in class and you will be given a code to use when you pay. Do not try to pay the fee during the time the class is running, you must wait until after the last day of class. (This may be subject to change during Covid.)
Be sure to get a receipt for your payment.
If you decide you want the cert and do not pay for it on time, a hold will be put on your De Anza College records until you do pay and you will not be able to register for classes, get transcripts, etc. Please note, it can take awhile to get this hold released. If you do not pay the cert fee by the deadline I will not be responsible for mailing your cert when you finally do pay, even if you gave me a self-addressed, stamped envelope.
Students who earn Red Cross cards within the regular school term can expect their cards in the mail within three weeks after the end of the quarter (if the Red Cross is not too swamped with work, it can often take much longer) and if they provide the instructor with a stamped, self addressed envelope (SASE). If needed before the three week date, arrangements can be made with the instructor (before the last day of class) to verify passing for potential employers. Students should get the stamped, self addressed envelope to the instructor by the last day of class and pay by the deadline. After the SASE and/or payment deadlines the instructor is not responsible for keeping your card on file and you may need to contact the Red Cross for a replacement card, and might need to pay for it again, see: If you lost your Red Cross certification card
Any unused SASEs can be claimed during class but will not be returned after class is over.
For your De Anza Grade
Homework projects will all be listed at the class webpage, and be available after the class is over.
Homework projects will be turned in on Canvas, not by printing pieces of paper and bringing them to class.
A modern computer with updated Web browsers (Firefox, Safari, or Chrome) and an Internet connection is all you need. There are step-by-step Canvas Student Guides anyone can access to learn how this online system functions, https://community.canvaslms.com/docs/DOC-10701-canvas-student-guide-table-of-contents
that show you how to perform common tasks in Canvas, from changing your profile to submitting an assignment.
The actual Canvas pages to do work from will be sent to people as they enroll in the class.
All homework must be turned in by the dates (deadlines) at Canvas.
We will go over the answers to some of the homework questions during class so having an additional copy with you besides the one you turned in on Canvas could help you.
I do not accept homework printed on paper and turned in during class.
If you choose to ask for a pass/no pass instead of a letter grade, please note: No more than 30 units of credit with a “P” grade can be applied toward an Associate of Arts degree. And ordinarily, no “P” grade may be applied toward a student’s major requirements unless the major lists a pass/no pass course on their curriculum sheet. Usually you need to apply for a pass/no pass at the Portal early in the quarter, but we may have a different deadline since we are not an eleven week class. Do not give the P/NP paperwork to your instructor, do it at the Portal. To earn a ‘pass’ you must do at least the work required for a ‘C.’ Scroll down at: https://www.deanza.edu/admissions/ for more info.
The class has a total of 100 points. A+ = 97 points, A = 90, A- = 87 B+ = 84, B= 80, B- = 77, C+ = 74, C= 70, (no C- grades are given at De Anza), D+ = 64, D = 60, D- = 57, (no F+ grades are given at De Anza), F = less than 57 points.
28 points of class grading is active participation and steady improvement in skills and knowledge during class. 100% participation in class each session, including completing each lab session (for example, checking capillary refill, removing potentially contaminated gloves, controlling external bleeding, completing a secondary survey, checking a responsive person, completing the F.A.S.T. skills for a potential stroke victim, the choking scenarios, and more) will earn you 8 points per class session for the first three sessions, and 4 points for the fourth session.
72 points is written: homework assignments and the final exam
Homework assignments and the points for them will be updated for winter quarter 2022 closer to the start of the quarter.
The write-ups of the Simple Secondary study sheet five most important things, First Aid Facts and Fallacies, Drowning Rescue, Chapter 6 five times to suspect a spinal injury, Chapter 6 signs and symptoms of a concussion, the appendix project on Fire Safety, Cultural Issues in First Aid, Disaster Planning, Earthquake Home Hazards Survey, and Wilderness First Aid assignments are each x x x points. (10 projects times 2 points each is 20 points.)
I do not give partial credit for partially completed projects, for example, if you only write up three most important things, instead of five.
If you complete all the work due the last class session, you can choose one of the extra credit assignments listed at the class webpage for an additional 2 points.
The final exam is 29.5 points. There are no makeups for the final exam, it must be taken in class the last day of class.
Homework is to be completed by each individual, not as a group. Answers to questions must be in your own words, but you can quote from the book if you make it clear with quotation marks around the parts you quote.
Please do not trust Googled sources for the correct answers to homework, use your text.
If you do not have a computer with online access there are many in the basement of the De Anza Learning Center, and most public libraries have a few. You can usually get a public library card quickly, often the same day you come into the library.
We meet for only four class sessions, and the Red Cross requires your attendance at all of each class session. No absences are excusable, even for jury duty you could have asked to be rescheduled for another time, or appointments you forgot you had when you enrolled. There is no way to ‘makeup’ the material missed. You can not take the final late.
You are responsible for dropping classes you do not want to take and deadlines are enforced. After the deadlines neither you nor your instructor can drop you.
An ‘incomplete’ grade is only appropriate for verifiable unforeseen illness/injury or other unforeseen emergency situations, not doctor’s appointments you forgot you had and did not reschedule, jury duty you could have requested to do after the quarter is over, or because you forgot to drop in time.
If you want the certification you will need to repeat the entire class if you miss any of the class, and each quarter the material is not necessarily taught in the same class session as a previous quarter, which is another reason incomplete grades are rarely given in this class.
You need to pay complete attention to videos. Everything in the video is also in your text, so note taking is not needed when videos are running nor is it allowed.
Visitors are not allowed in the classroom, according to division policy.
We won’t take long breaks so if you bring snacks you’ll need to eat outside the classroom, at the entrance, while still being in a position to see and hear all the lecture/videos, etc. This can be distracting to others so these snack sessions will be limited.
Video or audio taping of this class is not allowed. (Besides that this is a class rule, California makes it a crime to record or eavesdrop on any confidential communication, including conversations in a classroom without the consent of all parties to the conversation.)
Please turn off ringers on cell phones or pagers during class, unless you are having an emergency at home, in which case let me know at the start of class that your phone might ring. No, I do not subtract points from your grade if your phone rings during class, but some instructors do. See: syllabus examples
The De Anza Health Policy says (in part) “A De Anza student will: Not attend college if he/she has a contagious condition (i.e., T.B., measles, hepatitis, etc.). Not attend college if he/she is under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs. Obtain a physician’s note and cooperate openly and honestly with college officials about medical problems that may threaten the health and/or welfare of self and others.
Adhere to safety regulations and use safety equipment and protective devices as required.”
Report any injuries and equipment or facilities problems immediately to your instructor. In case we have an accident in class, we/you can call Campus Security from a classroom phone at 5555 (non-emergency) or 911 (emergency).
Cupertino police/sheriff can be direct dialed from a cell phone at: 1 (408) 299-2311. De Anza emergency can be directly dialed from a cell phone at 1 (408) 924 8000.
Some De Anza instructors do not answer student emails. Most of the emails we get from students are to ask questions that they could have found the answers to in the course syllabus or at a class webpage. (It is easier for a student to email and ask than to take the time to read and understand the syllabus. One “simple question” from a student might not seem like too much for a instructor to answer, but multiplied by hundreds of students, and occasionally multiple emails from one student, it can truly be too time consuming.)
I ask students to read the course syllabus on or before the first day of class, and I go over it in person during the first class. Reading it is also a “homework” assignment. Any questions people have about the class work / course syllabus are better answered in class. If people email me questions that can be answered by more carefully reading the course syllabus / class webpage, they will be referred to the course syllabus / class webpage.
You will be required to comply with all De Anza rules and regulations, especially the section on academic integrity http://www.deanza.edu/policies/academic_integrity.html
any in the De Anza College Catalog
as well as the Student Code of Conduct.
All information in the Academic Integrity webpages and other college policies pages applies in every De Anza course and students are held accountable for this information, even if their instructor does not refer them to it in the syllabus, so it is worth reading.
In these webpages (or elsewhere online) you will find descriptions of cheating and plagiarism: “Cheating is the act of obtaining or attempting to obtain credit for academic work through the use of dishonest, deceptive or fraudulent means… Plagiarism is representing the work of someone else as your own” (and the Academic Integrity webpage gives many detailed examples),
and these statements: “It is the students’ responsibility to know what constitutes academic dishonesty…When students are caught cheating or plagiarizing, a process is begun which may result in severe consequences.” The consequences can include “receiving a failing grade on the test, paper or exam….being placed on disciplinary probation…suspension.”
If disruptive behavior occurs in a class, “the instructor may remove the student from his or her class for that day and the next class meeting if the student interfered with the instructional process,” and the behavior will be reported to the Office of Student Development for possible disciplinary action/reprimand/suspension.
(A previous class put together this world’s-longest-list of disruptive behaviors. All of the disruptive behaviors listed below had been experienced by at least one student, if not multiple students, in another De Anza class.)
It would be impossible to list all the ways a student could be disruptive, but the basic definition is: a disruptive person is one, who through his/her behavior, speech or actions, interferes with academic activity. This can be as obvious as physical or verbal abuse; willful damage to person or college property; disorderly conduct; lewd, indecent or obscene behavior or use of illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs & alcohol.
De Anza College Mutual Respect
“De Anza College will not tolerate behavior that infringes on the safety of any student. A student shall not intimidate, harass another student through words or actions. Such behavior includes
• Direct physical contact, such as hitting or shoving
• Verbal assaults, such as teasing or name-calling
• Social isolation or manipulation
• Cyberbullying by any means including email, text and social networks/media”
Disruptive behavior that can cause a student to be immediately removed from class includes: expressions of hatred or contempt based on race, color, national or ethnic origin, age, gender, religion, sexual orientation, marital status, or physical or psychological disability.
Disruptive behavior also includes anything that distracts or intimidates students or disrupts teaching, including, but not limited to: using cell phones, pagers, and other electronic devices other than those approved by me or allowing them to ring; using a laptop or other electronic device during class to do homework, email friends, etc.; engaging in private conversations; inappropriate language (profanity or vulgarity) or gestures; requesting excessive (in the opinion of the instructor) breaks; taking breaks of your own choosing; inconsiderate personal hygiene habits including, but not limited to: noticeably offensive body odor, cologne or the use of chewing tobacco; packing up early; disruptive noise making, including but not limited to uncontrolled laughter, pen, pencil or foot tapping, loud gum popping, loud or attention distracting drinking and paper/book rustling; inappropriate body language, including, but not limited to propping feet up on a desk, refusing to remain seated, glaring or making faces; inappropriate physical contact; refusal to comply with instructor’s directions; open and persistent defiance of the authority of the instructor or teaching assistants, failing to properly identify yourself when asked to. Day packs and other gear should be left on the floor, not the desk top, so you won’t be tempted to hide your cell phone from view of the instructor while you text message a friend.
If you want to wear clothing (a t-shirt, for example), or have visible tattoos with photos, drawings or words that would, in the opinion of your instructor, be distracting to her, you may not sit in the front rows of the class. If, when you are seated in the back rows of the classroom, you find that you can not hear what the instructor is saying or hear videos well enough, you should drop the class, get a hearing test and come back to take the class when you have the same level of hearing ability as the rest of the class or have received assistance from Disabilities Support Services.
A Covid mask with photos, drawings or words that would, in the opinion of your instructor, be distracting to her and other students, will not be allowed in the classroom.
Disruptive behavior also includes inordinate demands for time and attention, including, but not limited to, monopolizing discussions; persistent questioning; wasting class time by repeatedly asking unnecessary questions, such as those that have been answered in class or class materials; giving excuses for not doing homework; attempting to debate with the instructor over teaching style, what you think should or should not be taught, the need for required homework, attendance, attention, rules in the syllabus; interrupting the flow of class with interjections or questions; incoherent comments and off-topic discussions; using vocabulary not in the textbook (example fainting is to be referred to as fainting, not as syncope); interrupting the flow of class by not staying organized during drills, especially not following along with simultaneous practices or failing to follow instructions/correct mistakes during drills.
Some subjects in class could be considered gross, but comments about the grossness, including saying “eeeeew” are also disruptive.
Trying to teach material or skills that are not in the textbook is not allowed. If, for example, a student tries to talk about an alternative form of first aid, or wants to go on at length about something the instructor says has been covered sufficiently, once the instructor says that is enough or we are not discussing that subject, if a student then continues to talk about the subject, they can be dismissed from class.
One of the most important safety instructions is, as you will be told to write in your text, “When practicing on a student in class you should only simulate back blows and abdominal thrusts (do not apply pressure) so you do not hurt anyone.”
Disruptive behavior also includes overt inattentiveness and engaging in activities inappropriate to learning, including, but not limited to: sleeping (or appearing to sleep, as in eyes closed); reading non-class related materials (newspapers, magazines, etc.); reading class materials at inappropriate times, such as when attention should be focused on videos, lecture, discussion or skills practice; completing homework during class time; applying makeup; grooming hair; knitting; staring out the window.
Wearing/using headphone or earbuds-type music/tape playing devices, even if they are not attached to a device, makes it look to everyone as if you are not paying attention in class. No sunglasses are allowed.
It is self-defeating, and disrupts the class as well, to say out loud (or even to think to yourself) “I can’t do this.” Give yourself the time to try each step repeatedly until you succeed! Keep thinking “I WILL be able to do this” until it happens. Your personal positive attitude really can affect the outcome. Balking or refusing to participate in class practice or skills testing is also disruptive to the class as a whole and can lead to your being dropped.
Open class discussions are encouraged as long as the discussion is appropriate, done in a respectful, orderly fashion and fits in the time required to cover the class material. Disagreements and differences of opinion in class discussions are not disruptive behavior unless they include personal insults, bullying or physical confrontation, intimidation, excessive aggressiveness or anger, being overly argumentative, interrupting others, obscenities, yelling and the like. In my classes sometimes I will take answers off the cuff, but often the best way to answer is to raise your hand and be recognized. Occasionally I will ask a question and request that no one answer it out loud for a moment until all have had a chance to think about it.
There is essentially no privacy in this class. Examples include, but are not limited to: If your skills are not up to par, we need to correct your mistakes as you make them and anyone in hearing range will know if you fail skills testing. If you have questions during an exam, people may overhear what we talk about. Missing/incorrect homework or a missing self-addressed, stamped envelope may be discussed in front of other students.
Since many students will download the text to their laptop for free, laptops or other similar devices will need to be out on desktops during class (but never during quizzes/exams). Laptops or other similar devices are not to be used during class for any purpose except reading the Red Cross text/class webpages we are working from or taking class notes (at all times during class, including when videos are being set up). A teaching assistant or the instructor might actually see inappropriate work/webpages on a laptop/cell phone/iPod screen. Or, if it looks like a student is texting friends, etc. (they seem to be taking more notes than needed, for example) they will be asked to show what notes they were just writing. If they can’t produce any it will be assumed that they were not taking class notes, but were instead texting friends, working on their Facebook page, working on homework or otherwise not paying attention to the work at hand in our class. The first instance of such misuse of a laptop/cell phone/iPod can cause a student to be dropped from the class. If the student is not dropped, it can also cause the student to lose the privilege of having a laptop or other electronic device open in class. They will then need to buy a textbook. If the student is not dropped, and if they were not paying attention during an official Red Cross portion of the class, they will not be allowed to certify since the Red Cross requires 100% attendance and attention to the material.
Use the restroom before class begins as we will only take one mid-class break of maximum ten minutes. When someone says they need a bathroom break, we will stop class and everyone will take a break. Or I will notice we are about halfway or 3/4 of the way through the class time and announce a break. People should not leave anytime they want to, as they will miss Red Cross material required for certification. Requesting excessive (in the opinion of the instructor(s) breaks is also disruptive. If you have a physical issue that requires multiple breaks you should drop the class and take it during a quarter this issue has been resolved.
Use the restroom before an exam begins. Once you have begun a quiz/exam you will not be allowed to leave the classroom, for example to go to the bathroom and return to finish the test. During the final exam, only a pen/pencil/eraser can be on your desk. No books, notes, phones/computers, dictionaries, translation devices or other aids are allowed during exams. Do not wear ear buds. Do not talk to anyone, except an instructor or teaching assistant, during an exam. Anyone who talks to anyone else except an instructor/teaching assistant or uses a phone, laptop or other aid during a quiz/exam will not get any points for that quiz/exam (they will fail the exam) and they will probably be reported to a college administrator.
You should not only put your cell phones away during an exam, you should also be sure to turn off ringers on them, because if it rings and you forget and accidentally answer it, you have failed the exam.
This syllabus is subject to change as needed, even after the quarter has started.
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This message is from De Anza College Disability Support Services:
“Students who have been found to be eligible for accommodations by Disability Support Services (DSS), please follow up to ensure that your accommodations have been authorized for the current quarter. If you are not registered with DSS and need accommodations, please go to the DSS office in the Registration & Student Services Building (RSS) – Room 141 for information on eligibility and how to receive support services. You can also go online to https://www.deanza.edu/dsps/ for additional information.”
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If the class and the reading get you excited about learning more, I recommend the ARC Emergency Medical Response first aid class, offered at Foothill. (Foothill also has EMT training; E.M.R. is a prerequisite.)
For the Wilderness First Aid portion:
The following is where the Wilderness First Aid material for this class comes from. Many of these books are available at public libraries. I’d recommend reading the one in bold below, but you do not have to read any of them.
American Alpine Club, Accidents in North American Mountaineering
American National Red Cross, Emergency Medical Response Instructor’s Manual. Stay Well Health and Safety Solutions
American National Red Cross, The. First Aid – When Help is Delayed Instructor(s Guide. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Lifeline,
Auerbach, Paul S. Medicine for the Outdoors. New York, NY: Lyons Press
Berry, Jenna, managing editor and the Wilderness Medical Society, Wilderness medicine (newsletter) Colorado Springs, Co.
Forgey, William, The Basic Essentials of Hypothermia. Merrillville, IN: ICS Books, Inc.
Forgey, William, Editor and the Wilderness Medical Society. Practice Guidelines for Wilderness Emergency Care. Merrillville, IN: ICS Books, Inc.
Forgey, William. Wilderness Medicine, Beyond First Aid. Wilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press
Fry, Alan. Wilderness Survival Handbook. New York: St. Martin(s Griffin
Girl Scouts of the United States Of America. Safety-Wise. New York, New York,
Graydon, Don and Hanson, Kurt, Editors. Mountaineering, The Freedom of The Hills. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers. I recommend reading the Leadership chapter.
Hart, John. Walking Softly In The Wilderness. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books,
Haessler, Herbert and Harris, Raymond, Medical Tests You Can Do Yourself. Chicago, Ill: Contemporary Books,
Isaac, Jeffrey. The Outward Bound Wilderness First Aid Handbook. New York, NY: Lyons Press,
Kelly, Kate. Living Safe in an Unsafe World. New York, New York: Penguin Putnam Inc.
Mens Health magazine, various articles including info from the American Academy of Neurology 3 grades of concussion.
Merry, Wayne. St John Ambulance Official Wilderness First Aid Guide. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland & Stewart, Inc.
National Park Service morning report (online)
Pelton, Robert Young. Come Back Alive. New York, New York: Random House
Schimelpfenig, Tom and Lindsey, Linda. NOLS Wilderness First Aid. Lander, WY: National Outdoor Leadership School
Sole, Clyde and Powers, Phil. Climbing: Expedition Planning, Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers
Steinstra, Tom. California Wildlife. Avalon Publishing, has a section, bear attacks in California.
Thygerson, Alton and Steven. Wilderness First Aid Field Guide, Burlington, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
Weiss, Eric A. Backpacker Magazine Wilderness 911. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers
Wilderness Medical Society, Wilderness Medicine Newsletter, Colorado Springs, Colo: published quarterly
Wilkerson, James A. Medicine for Mountaineering and Other Wilderness Activities. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers
Yellowstone National Park – Bears and Menstruating women. (Online)
Van Tilburg, Christopher (M.D.), Watersports Safety and Emergency First Aid, Guilford, Con: Globe Pequot Press
Videos (if we have time for them): Denali Bear Quiz. National Park Service, Hiking the Grand Canyon. Grand Canyon Association, (You can buy your own copy of the Grand Canyon video), Bear Careless. Yosemite Concession Services, Leave No Trace, NPS.
And also see if you want to, (but you do not have to read), here are free downloads
Red Cross Wilderness and Remote First Aid Emergency Reference Guide
Red Cross Wilderness and Remote First Aid Pocket Guide