To get a free download of the copyrighted 2016, released 2017 American Red Cross Lifeguarding Manual go to:
To make it easier to find the skills sheets pages write in your Red Cross Lifeguarding Manual.
The lifeguarding videos are at:
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Preventative lifeguarding (which includes pool staff motto selections in latin)
Tips for guarding open water swims from 50 plus triathlons and other open water swims we have volunteered at.
Should lifeguards wear cowboy boots? a quiz for lifeguards or lifeguard classes
Lifeguard training, swimming, CPR and first aid links has links, quotations from articles for teachers or students on lifeguard training, swimming, CPR, first aid and risk management. They are primarily for current lifeguard candidates in my classes or graduates who are now lifeguard instructors.
CPO What a certified pool operator (CPO) knows that lifeguards and swimmers should know.
canoe over canoe rescue can also be used on a kayak
Swimming and teaching swimming
The American Red Cross Swimming and Water Safety Manual
might still be downloadable for free.
scroll down to Participant Materials and click on and open Swimming and Water Safety Manual.
The Cooper 12 minute swim test is on page 195, where it says “The 12-minute swimming test, devised by Kenneth Cooper, M.D., is an easy, inexpensive way for men and women of all ages to test their aerobic capacity (oxygen consumption) and to
chart their fitness program.”
(The American Red Cross Swimming and Water Safety Manual had no index, so I wrote one: Swimming and Water Safety 2009 index).
How can I tell if I’m a good swimmer? has stats to compare yourself to, including some lifeguard tests and the United States Navy Physical Readiness Test swim portion.
The aim of How to tell if the lifeguards are doing their job properly is to provide swimmers, parents, child care providers and other swimming pool patrons with a few guidelines to help them determine if the lifeguards at the pool they go to are doing their jobs properly.
First aid and CPR/AED
try this link:
The Red Cross had a note: “The 2016 Manuals are best viewed in Firefox or Chrome browsers.”
and perhaps also download the Red Cross Wilderness and Remote First Aid Emergency Reference Guide
Red Cross Wilderness and Remote First Aid Pocket Guide
fast, basic neurological exam
Can a person who is prescribed an epi-pen risk going into the wilderness? (and some sting prevention notes) are at: Anaphylaxis quick facts
advance care directives has links to where to find one you can use
more details of the SAMPLE questions
Times to suspect a spinal injury: (and use a jaw thrust instead of a head tilt, chin lift).
Reasons why a person might become unconscious or semi-conscious (AEIOU TIPS)
causes of altered mental status, fainting, seizures,
Signs and symptoms of a concussion
care for a stroke
normal respiration, pulse, temperature
and a detailed simple secondary survey (SAMPLE, opqrst)
Airway Adjuncts, Oropharyngeal (oral) airways (OPAs) and nasopharyngeal (nasal) airways (NPAs)
USING A MANUAL SUCTIONING DEVICE, USING A MECHANICAL SUCTIONING DEVICE
Emergency Oxygen Delivery Systems
USING A RESUSCITATION MASK
USING A BVM—TWO RESCUERS